Tree of Merit: Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana)
Story and photos by Cene Ketcham, Extension Arborist, Casey Trees
Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) is an attractive small to medium tree with big urban credentials. However, compared to other urban-tough trees like red maple, ginkgo, and honeylocust, hophornbeam has been regrettably underutilized.
Sometimes called “ironwood” like its bottomland cousin, Carpinus caroliniana, hophornbeam’s hard, dense wood makes it highly resistant to damage from wind, snow, and ice. Largely insensitive to site conditions, it takes indignities like air pollution, compacted soils, and droughty conditions in stride. Hophornbeam grows well in full sun to part shade, needs little pruning, and is generally free of insect pests and diseases. An excellent street tree in warmer climates, hophornbeam is intolerant of salt so should be avoided where road salting is common.